This section includes a number of research reports produced by Intrallect.
Intrallect was commissioned by JISC to produce a study into Digital Rights Management (DRM) issues in higher and further education. This was related to the JISC Middleware and Shared Services Projects.
The final report of the DRM Study and its appendices is available below. Amendments have been made based on the comments received during the consultation period.
In 2005 Intrallect and the AHRC Research Centre for Studies in IP and IT Law conducted a study into how Creative Commons licences, or their equivalent, might be deployed at project, service or institutional level by organisations within the Common Information Environment. This study was funded by Becta, the British Library, DfES, JISC and the MLA on behalf of the CIE group. The digital content studied was of many different forms including web sites, images, video, audio, creative written works, formal documents, technical documents, the outputs of Government departments and agencies. Much of this content had arisen from digitisation programmes and was being used for non-commercial purposes. The required licensing solution was needed to meet the needs of the different legal systems within the UK but will also encourage sharing resources with overseas partners. Other significant benefits which are gained from the use of such shared common licences include clearer organisational policies and a clearer understanding of permitted uses by content users.
The study was completed on 10th October, 2005. The final report and appendices are available below.
Intrallect coordinated research into Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) in international e-Learning programmes. The study was carried out on behalf of the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) in partnership with Universities UK (UUK) and the Standing Conference of Principals (SCOP).
Five separate case studies were funded to investigate IPR issues. Each study investigated how IPRs are handled in international e-Learning programmes involving one or more UK universities working in association with international partners, collaborators or customers. The final reports from the case studies are available as pdfs at the end of each case summary.
Middlesex University: Global Campus Case Study Summary
The Global Campus facilitates e-Learning programmes that can be delivered by Middlesex University, in partnership with other institutions overseas. Current partnerships include institutions in Hong Kong, mainland China, Egypt and Singapore. The next academic year will involve programmes in Cyprus, Thailand, Dubai and The Lebanon.
The programme started in 1999 and almost 1000 students have graduated since. Currently there are more than 600 overseas students registered. The courses include Computing with Business (One year access to higher education), BSc Business Information Systems and MSc Business Information Technology.
Two types of partners were involved in the Programme: technology partners to produce the e-learning package; educational partners to deliver the academic programmes overseas and act as Learning Support Centres for students. The involvement of partners has raised a number of IPR issues regarding the exploitation of Global Campus material beyond the academic programmes for which the material was originally designed and the type of contracts that are required to manage IPR issues with each partner.
Case Study Project Manager:Walaa Bakry, Director of Business Development, School of Computing Science, Middlesex University
Glasgow Caledonian University: Spoken Word Case Study Summary
The Spoken Word Project is transforming undergraduate learning and teaching through the integration of the rich media resources of digital audio repositories into undergraduate courses in the USA and the UK. The lead institution is Glasgow Caledonian University (UK) in partnership with Northwestern University (USA), Michigan State University (USA) and the BBC Information & Archives (UK). Other institutions which are using the materials include University of Bologna (Italy) and Columbia University (USA).
The Spoken Word project is a five year project funded as part of the JISC/NSF Digital Libraries in the Classroom Programme, which is running from February 2003 to February 2008. Currently, Spoken Word material is being used by over 400 students worldwide, based at Glasgow Caledonian University, Northwestern University, Michigan State University and the University of Bologna.
Management of intellectual property rights is necessary as the project involves the development of software and the creation of new metadata and learning objects. In addition, clearance needs to be obtained for third party materials, some of which are free for non-commercial use and some of which are subject to more restrictive conditions. The copyrighted material must be delivered across different legislative regions (UK, USA and EU) which complicates the process.
Case Study Project Manager: Anne Longmuir, Senior Research Librarian, Glasgow Caledonian University
Edinburgh University: CD-ROM on Skin Biology
The University of Edinburgh have been involved in many international projects to produce electronic learning materials for the teaching of Veterinary science including the TLTP2 CLIVE project and the EC Tempus project. This case study concentrates on a project they have lead to produce an educational CD-ROM in English, German and French. Three other Veterinary schools (Berlin, Nantes and Warsaw) were in partnership and assisted with translations, peer review and dissemination. Other partners include Dmac Scientific Consultants (UK) who contributed subject knowledge, story boards and co-ordination of peer review and Hospital Veterinaire Lvera Barcelona.
The project was funded by the EC Leonardo programme from 1999 to 2001. The output was a comprehensive CD-ROM on skin biology including basic scientific principles (intelligible to first year undergraduates) and a knowledge base aimed at all levels including postgraduate training in dermatology.
The project aimed to commercially exploit the material which was produced. This meant that IPR had to be negotiated and formalised for the consortia involved in the creation of the materials and appropriate methods of publication and dissemination had to be considered. In addition, translation of material into other languages raised integrity issues.
Case Study Project Manager: Dr Andrew Short, Royal School of Veterinary Studies, The University of Edinburgh
Heriot Watt University: BA Management Degree
The Heriot Watt University (HWU) Research and Legal Information team have wide experience of assisting with the exploitation of learning materials internationally, including programmes run by the Edinburgh Business School and the Institute of Petroleum Engineering. This Case study will centre on the HWU BA Management degree which is being managed internationally by HWU and the Interactive University (which is a private company).
The BA Management degree will operates in 30 countries and currently involves some 3000 students. The degree is awarded by HWU but the course is delivered through Local Learning Partners which have been signed up by the Interactive University to provide local tutorial support to undergraduates.
It was necessary to have agreements between HWU, The Interactive University and the Local Learning Partners which requires negotiation. In particular the study will concentrate on the following issues: Contractual Relationships, Jurisdictional and Geographical Issues, Rewards and Business Models, Rights of Use, Risks and Enforcement.
Case Study Project Manager: Derek Brown, Legal Services Manager, Heriot Watt University
University of Bolton: Microelectronics teaching at postgraduate level
This case study examined and compared the experiences of four e-learning programmes, all of which were concerned with teaching microelectronics at postgraduate level. This includes:-
- The AMI Programme partnered the University of Northumbria and Bolton Institute with students enrolled from Canada, Malaysia, USA, Ecuador, Hong Kong, Singapore and European countries (166 enrolments).
- The MIND Programme was funded by a European (Leonardo) Programme and has involved partners from universities and industry in UK, Italy and Germany.
- The CEESI programme involves ten UK University partners and a proportion of international students (380 enrolments).
- The Bolton Institute uses a selected protection model with different levels of access restriction for e-Learning material in an international context (130 enrolments).
All the programmes have been used by students internationally and have a combined total of 676 students enrolled. A variety of different business models which have been used including open access policies, sharing of academic credits from students, completion of modules and providing different levels of user access to teaching and learning materials. These models require different methodologies for dealing with IPRs.
This study will also include investigations into the case for and against open courseware at HE level in the international context and how the principle of selected protection could be applied in other disciplines.
Case Study Project Manager: Roy Attwood, University of Bolton
In 2006 JISC CETIS commissioned three papers on assessment item banks, including a briefing paper from Intrallect examining the relationship between assessment item banks and repositories. The briefing gives an overview of the functional requirements of each type of system, and where the similarities and differences lie. Common features, interfaces and standards are summarised, along with an overview of how a repository may be developed for use as an assessment item bank.
This JISC-Funded project was completed in August 2007. Glasgow Caledonian University and the University of Strathclyde were Intrallect’s project partners.
The CD-LOR project identified and analysed the factors that influence practical uptake and implementation of learning object repositories within a range of different learning communities.
Among the outputs of this project are:
This JISC-funded project was completed in November 2008.
The study investigated, identified and articulated the evidence for a range of business cases and models for sharing learning materials within the UK Higher Education community. A set of models was developed to illustrate the benefits of a collective approach to a range of stakeholders in a format that is accessible and usable by the different communities.
The project focussed on two specific aspects of sharing: open access and subject-based sharing.
The project deliverables are:
Intrallect was commissioned by JISC to carry out a study on Automatic Metadata Generation: Use Case Identification and Tools/Services Prioritisation. This study began on 1 March 2009 and was completed on 31 July 2009.
Metadata is important for the discovery and curation of resources. Creating high quality, consistent metadata can be time-consuming and expensive. Therefore automatic metadata generation offers considerable benefits. However, automatic metadata generation is not an end in itself. The benefits are realised only when the metadata is used. AMG-UC will harvest the knowledge from past and current work on automatic metadata generation to develop “use cases” focussing on the benefits gained from automatically generated metadata. These use cases will highlight the tools and services that can have the greatest impact for users and help to prioritise future planning within JISC.
The synthesis report is an overview of the automatic metadata generation including around 30 use cases. The guidance report is for those who are implementing automatic metadata generation systems and provides information about the various tools available.
A number of specialist reports on different topics of metadata which can be automatically produced are listed below.
This study identified the routes through which previous JISC project software outputs have been taken up and recommended ways in which further successful take-up can be encouraged and replicated.